How To Fix: Windows Explorer Keeps Crashing

Despite being Windows’ main file manager, File Explorer (also known as Windows Explorer) has many other uses. The explorer.exe process creates the Start menu, Desktop icons, and other UI elements. If Windows Explorer keeps freezing up, it will be a nightmare to use your computer.

Solutions to Fix Windows Explorer Keeps Crashing Issue

Take a look at these 5 recent solutions that have helped many Windows users restore Windows Explorer after it has crashed.

It’s possible you won’t need to try them all; start with the one closest to you and work backwards until you find the solution. These solutions will help you to fix windows explorer keeps crashing issue: 

Windows Explorer Keeps Crashing

Solution 1: Keep Your Windows Up to Date

Maintaining a fully patched installation of Windows is the first and simplest step you can take to rectify the situation. Updating your OS can fix a wide variety of computer issues. If you are unsure if your Windows installation is up to date, however, you can verify this by following these steps:

Step 1: Open Settings by pressing the Win key plus the I key, and then pick Update & Security from the menu that appears.

Step 2: On the right side of the window, select Windows Update, and then select Check for updates.

Step 3: Windows will begin downloading the updates automatically if they are available. Once the updates have downloaded successfully, your computer will need to be restarted so they can be installed.

Step 4: Check if Windows 10 File Explorer crashes frequently after updating to the latest OS. If that’s the case, read on for some potential solutions.

Solution 2: Disable Thumbnails

A large number of thumbnails in a folder may be a blame for Windows 10 Explorer crashing often. Turning off thumbnails is one possible workaround for Windows 10 Explorer’s persistent crashes. Listed below is a quick reference:

Step 1: Open the Control Panel by typing “control panel” into the Search box.

Step 2: Select File Explorer Options and then change the View by drop-down to Large Icons.

Step 3: Make sure Always show icons, never thumbnails is selected in the View menu. Make sure to save your work by selecting Apply and then OK.

Turning off thumbnails should fix Windows 10 Explorer’s frequent crashes.

Solution 2: Disable Thumbnails

The persistent crashing of Windows 10’s Explorer can be fixed by clearing the history of the program’s File Explorer. How to achieve that is as follows:

Step 1: The first thing you should do is open File Explorer Options and choose the General tab.

Step 2: Head to the Privacy settings and select Clear. Then your recent activity in File Explorer will be erased immediately.

Solution 4: Launch Folder Windows in a Separate Process

By default, File Explorer launches all windows in the explorer.exe process. Thus, the issue of Windows Explorer keeps crashing will emerge if one of the File Explorer windows crashes. Activating “Launch folder windows in a separate process” should fix the issue. Listed below is a quick reference:

Step 1: Select the View tab under File Explorer Options.

Step 2: Select the option to Launch folder windows in a different process, then select Apply and OK to save your new settings.

Solution 5: Run System File Checker

If File Explorer keeps crashing, it could be due to a missing or corrupted file. You’ll need to run the System File Checker utility to determine if this is the case and fix the affected file. The Windows PowerShell is a tool you’ll need; to access it, do the following.

Step 1: To access Windows PowerShell, select the option from the context menu of the Start button (Admin)

Step 2: After the PowerShell window has opened, type sfc /scannow into it and hit Enter.

The SFC scan will check for corrupted files on your machine. Your issues with File Explorer crashing should be resolved now that Windows can check for and rectify any flaws it finds.

Solution 6: Separate File Explorer Processes

A single instance of File Explorer is used on your computer. New instances of Windows File Explorer are spawned on the same thread of execution. If your computer isn’t up to par, you may experience stability issues and, in extreme circumstances, File Explorer crashes. Follow these steps to resolve the issue:

Step 1: Start up File Explorer and head to File -> New. You can modify your search settings and folder organization.

Step 2: To change how you’re able to see folders, select the View tab in the Folder Options box.

Step 3: A separate process will be started for each window if the “Launch windows in a separate process” option is checked in the “Advanced settings” panel.

Step 4: To apply the modifications and save them, select OK.

Step 5: Using this strategy, Windows Explorer will remain functional throughout.


Problems with Windows Explorer would be disastrous because it is responsible for building crucial UI elements like the Start menu, Taskbar, desktop icons, file manager, and more in Windows OS. You are not alone if Windows Explorer (or the explorer.exe process) repeatedly freezes or crashes on your Windows 11, Windows 10, Windows 8.1, or Windows 7 computer.

The identical problem has been reported by a large number of Windows users. You’ve found the perfect site, and after reading this article, you should be able to fix this problem right now.

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